Oily Skin: Causes and Treatments

Do you seem to have shinier skin than usual lately? The truth is that everyone's skin contains oil. A sebaceous gland generates natural oils under your skin called sebum that aids in the hydration and health of your skin.

On the other hand, the sebaceous glands might create excessive oil in some persons, resulting in greasy skin.

If your skin is continually glossy and you use multiple blotting sheets every day, you have oily skin. Within hours of cleaning, oily skin might feel greasy.

The mixture of dead and dried skin cells and sebum can also cause breakouts because sebum gets embedded in your pores.

The environment, genetics, and behavioral factors all contribute to oily skin. While you won't be able to eliminate oily skin thoroughly, you may take action to make it less greasy. At least one of the following underlying reasons must be identified.

What Causes Oily Skin?

Sebaceous glands beneath the skin's surface produce too much sebum, resulting in oily skin. Sebum production can be influenced by the environment, genetics, hormones, and even lifestyle. To control the health and appearance of your skin, you must identify the underlying causes.


Hormones and oily skin are inextricably linked. Oily skin can stem from hormonal imbalances that affect oil production. The androgens (male hormones present in both sexes) play a role in oil production during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause.

Environmental and Lifestyle Factors

Daily behaviors and lifestyle choices may significantly influence the look of your skin in various ways.


Consuming foods packed with a high glycemic index, such as sweets, carbs, and saturated fats, may cause the overproduction of sebum in some persons.

These meals cause a sharp insulin rise, which increases the production of skin oils and contributes to follicle blockage, which can impair skin tone. These meals can also elevate the body's androgen levels, causing hormonal swings.


Contraception and hormone replacement treatment can cause increased oil production, whereas other medications can cause dry skin, causing the skin to adjust by producing more oil. In addition to prescription medications, over-the-counter medications may also have this effect.


Genetics is the most critical influence on skin type and, as a result, the most prevalent trigger of oily skin. Large sebum glands that generate much oil are genetic traits handed down generations.

According to studies, the size of pores and sebum production rate varies amongst ethnic groups. Researchers reported in the Dermatology Journal of science that Asians had much smaller pores and were less dense than other racial groupings. African Americans have larger pores, related to increased sebum production rates.

Climate Variations in both humidity and heat can cause skin oiliness to alter seasonally and with the weather. Therefore, people with more prominent pores and a glossy complexion are more likely to develop oily skin during spring and summer.


Stress induces the release of chemicals like cortisol, which may set off a domino effect that increases oil production, which helps to understand why getting enough sleep and rest is crucial for regulating and avoiding oily skin.

Skincare and Cosmetics Routine

Using the wrong skincare products or following the improper skincare routine negatively impacts your skin's look. Sebum production can be harmed by overdoing your regimen, missing moisturizer, or forgetting to use sunscreen. Therefore, doctors recommend looking for non-comedogenic and oil-free labeling while purchasing cosmetics.

Oily Skin Treatments and Remedy

There are basic guidelines to follow while caring for oily skin. Some product elements should be avoided, while others should be sought out, and a daily routine tailored to one's skin type should be followed.

Frequently Washing

First, you need to remove the extra oil from oily skin. Your face should be washed after exercising, at night, and in the morning.

Avoid using extremely harsh cleaners since they can irritate skin and cause oil production. Instead, use a mild, foamy wash. Avoid cleaning your face too hard at the same time.

The cleanser you use should not irritate or cause allergies. Furthermore, it should quickly rinse off. Oily skin responds best to gelatin or bars rather than creams and oils.

Exfoliate Every Few Days

Don't neglect exfoliation. Exfoliate your skin several times a week with a gentle wash. Keeping your skin clean will help remove dead skin cells that may trap sebum. Dead skin cells can trap sebum, causing acne.


Moisturizer is also necessary for oily skin, especially when using oil-removing treatments. Make sure your product is non-comedogenic and lightweight not to clog your pores. Using sunscreen instead of a moisturizer might be better in the morning.

Blotting as Needed

To control shine and get rid of build-up, use blotting papers throughout the day.? This item may be found at most big-box retailers and smaller stores. Avoid rubbing your face against the form since this might distribute the oil.

Removing Makeup Before Bed

Avoid using comedogenic products that will clog your pores, and make sure to remove your makeup before going to bed.

Use a formula that works without requiring you to scrape and aggravate your skin. Makeup removers containing micellar water are excellent for removing water-based makeup. When oil-based makeup removers aren't strong enough to remove the oily film on their own, they can also assist.

Ingredients to Avoid

Skincare products are available at a variety of pricing. Instead of depending on brand identification, consider the ingredients. Ingredients that aggravate oily skin include:

* Petroleum jelly

* Silicone

* Cocoa butter

* Coconut oil

Products containing alcohol shouldn't be used since they irritate.

Selecting the Right Products

Make sure that the ingredient list contains oil-fighting ingredients. Clinical trials have shown that the following components reduce oil:

* Green tea

* Niacinamide, which is a form of vitamin B3

* L-carnitine, a type of amino acid

Licochalcone A, a phenol derived from licorice root, effectively treats acne and reduces oil production. The use of clay facial masks also helps control excess oil.

Follow product instructions when using them. It's essential to start by using it sparingly when you're trying something new to ensure that your skin doesn't become irritated.

Don't Touch Your Face

Avoid touching your face throughout the day as it can distribute germs, debris, and even more oil to skin susceptible to acne.

When Should You See a doctor?

Although oily skin rarely causes significant health problems, it can be embarrassing and make you feel insecure. If you have oily skin, schedule an appointment with your doctor or dermatologist, especially if the therapies mentioned above don't work.

Take Away

Many factors contribute to oily skin. Regardless of the causes of excess sebum production, treating them can lead to clearer, cleaner skin.

The key to preventing or treating oily skin is striking the perfect balance between excess and insufficient oil to keep the skin's natural hydration.

To attain this balance, you must first learn about your skin type and customize your skincare regimen around that knowledge. Consult a dermatologist to learn about treatment choices if you want professional assistance.